LEARNING STYLES AND STRATEGIES ~Richard M. Felder

2016-02-18 16.22.43

For a long time I was not aware of the different learning styles, I just knew that I preferred a hands on approach, testing and getting my own thoughts about my experience. Connecting through different experiences and integrating them in to my life. A continuous discovery path. A joyful path. Within this mind set I discovered this document that explains better what I sensed was there. I hope you can enjoy it and be the light of new thoughts. – Federico Hernandez-Ruiz

Original Document at: http://www4.ncsu.edu/unity/lockers/users/f/felder/public/ILSdir/styles.htm

LEARNING STYLES AND STRATEGIES

Richard M. Felder
Hoechst Celanese Professor of Chemical Engineering
North Carolina State University

Barbara A. Soloman
Coordinator of Advising, First Year College
North Carolina State University

ACTIVE AND REFLECTIVE LEARNERS

Active learners tend to retain and understand information best by doing something active with it–discussing or applying it or explaining it to others. Reflective learners prefer to think about it quietly first.

“Let’s try it out and see how it works” is an active learner’s phrase; “Let’s think it through first” is the reflective learner’s response.
Active learners tend to like group work more than reflective learners, who prefer working alone.

Sitting through lectures without getting to do anything physical but take notes is hard for both learning types, but particularly hard for active learners.
Everybody is active sometimes and reflective sometimes. Your preference for one category or the other may be strong, moderate, or mild. A balance of the two is desirable. If you always act before reflecting you can jump into things prematurely and get into trouble, while if you spend too much time reflecting you may never get anything done.

How can active learners help themselves?

If you are an active learner in a class that allows little or no class time for discussion or problem-solving activities, you should try to compensate for these lacks when you study. Study in a group in which the members take turns explaining different topics to each other. Work with others to guess what you will be asked on the next test and figure out how you will answer. You will always retain information better if you find ways to do something with it.

How can reflective learners help themselves?

If you are a reflective learner in a class that allows little or no class time for thinking about new information, you should try to compensate for this lack when you study. Don’t simply read or memorize the material; stop periodically to review what you have read and to think of possible questions or applications. You might find it helpful to write short summaries of readings or class notes in your own words. Doing so may take extra time but will enable you to retain the material more effectively.

SENSING AND INTUITIVE LEARNERS

Sensing learners tend to like learning facts, intuitive learners often prefer discovering possibilities and relationships.
Sensors often like solving problems by well-established methods and dislike complications and surprises; intuitors like innovation and dislike repetition. Sensors are more likely than intuitors to resent being tested on material that has not been explicitly covered in class.

Sensors tend to be patient with details and good at memorizing facts and doing hands-on (laboratory) work; intuitors may be better at grasping new concepts and are often more comfortable than sensors with abstractions and mathematical formulations.
Sensors tend to be more practical and careful than intuitors; intuitors tend to work faster and to be more innovative than sensors.
Sensors don’t like courses that have no apparent connection to the real world; intuitors don’t like “plug-and-chug” courses that involve a lot of memorization and routine calculations.

Everybody is sensing sometimes and intuitive sometimes. Your preference for one or the other may be strong, moderate, or mild. To be effective as a learner and problem solver, you need to be able to function both ways. If you overemphasize intuition, you may miss important details or make careless mistakes in calculations or hands-on work; if you overemphasize sensing, you may rely too much on memorization and familiar methods and not concentrate enough on understanding and innovative thinking.

How can sensing learners help themselves?

Sensors remember and understand information best if they can see how it connects to the real world. If you are in a class where most of the material is abstract and theoretical, you may have difficulty. Ask your instructor for specific examples of concepts and procedures, and find out how the concepts apply in practice. If the teacher does not provide enough specifics, try to find some in your course text or other references or by brainstorming with friends or classmates.

How can intuitive learners help themselves?

Many college lecture classes are aimed at intuitors. However, if you are an intuitor and you happen to be in a class that deals primarily with memorization and rote substitution in formulas, you may have trouble with boredom. Ask your instructor for interpretations or theories that link the facts, or try to find the connections yourself. You may also be prone to careless mistakes on test because you are impatient with details and don’t like repetition (as in checking your completed solutions). Take time to read the entire question before you start answering and be sure to check your results

VISUAL AND VERBAL LEARNERS

Visual learners remember best what they see–pictures, diagrams, flow charts, time lines, films, and demonstrations. Verbal learners get more out of words–written and spoken explanations. Everyone learns more when information is presented both visually and verbally.

In most college classes very little visual information is presented: students mainly listen to lectures and read material written on chalkboards and in textbooks and handouts. Unfortunately, most people are visual learners, which means that most students do not get nearly as much as they would if more visual presentation were used in class. Good learners are capable of processing information presented either visually or verbally.

How can visual learners help themselves?

If you are a visual learner, try to find diagrams, sketches, schematics, photographs, flow charts, or any other visual representation of course material that is predominantly verbal. Ask your instructor, consult reference books, and see if any videotapes or CD-ROM displays of the course material are available. Prepare a concept map by listing key points, enclosing them in boxes or circles, and drawing lines with arrows between concepts to show connections. Color-code your notes with a highlighter so that everything relating to one topic is the same color.

How can verbal learners help themselves?

Write summaries or outlines of course material in your own words. Working in groups can be particularly effective: you gain understanding of material by hearing classmates’ explanations and you learn even more when you do the explaining.

SEQUENTIAL AND GLOBAL LEARNERS

Sequential learners tend to gain understanding in linear steps, with each step following logically from the previous one. Global learners tend to learn in large jumps, absorbing material almost randomly without seeing connections, and then suddenly “getting it.”
Sequential learners tend to follow logical stepwise paths in finding solutions; global learners may be able to solve complex problems quickly or put things together in novel ways once they have grasped the big picture, but they may have difficulty explaining how they did it.

Many people who read this description may conclude incorrectly that they are global, since everyone has experienced bewilderment followed by a sudden flash of understanding. What makes you global or not is what happens before the light bulb goes on. Sequential learners may not fully understand the material but they can nevertheless do something with it (like solve the homework problems or pass the test) since the pieces they have absorbed are logically connected. Strongly global learners who lack good sequential thinking abilities, on the other hand, may have serious difficulties until they have the big picture. Even after they have it, they may be fuzzy about the details of the subject, while sequential learners may know a lot about specific aspects of a subject but may have trouble relating them to different aspects of the same subject or to different subjects.

How can sequential learners help themselves?

Most college courses are taught in a sequential manner. However, if you are a sequential learner and you have an instructor who jumps around from topic to topic or skips steps, you may have difficulty following and remembering. Ask the instructor to fill in the skipped steps, or fill them in yourself by consulting references. When you are studying, take the time to outline the lecture material for yourself in logical order. In the long run doing so will save you time. You might also try to strengthen your global thinking skills by relating each new topic you study to things you already know. The more you can do so, the deeper your understanding of the topic is likely to be.

How can global learners help themselves?

If you are a global learner, it can be helpful for you to realize that you need the big picture of a subject before you can master details. If your instructor plunges directly into new topics without bothering to explain how they relate to what you already know, it can cause problems for you. Fortunately, there are steps you can take that may help you get the big picture more rapidly. Before you begin to study the first section of a chapter in a text, skim through the entire chapter to get an overview. Doing so may be time-consuming initially but it may save you from going over and over individual parts later. Instead of spending a short time on every subject every night, you might find it more productive to immerse yourself in individual subjects for large blocks. Try to relate the subject to things you already know, either by asking the instructor to help you see connections or by consulting references. Above all, don’t lose faith in yourself; you will eventually understand the new material, and once you do your understanding of how it connects to other topics and disciplines may enable you to apply it in ways that most sequential thinkers would never dream of.

Click here for more information about the learning styles model and implications of learning styles for instructors and students.

Click here to return to Richard Felder’s home page.

#fedehndz #idocare4design #learning #designthinking #traccioncomercial #asimetagraf

Federico Hernandez-Ruiz

Federico Hernandez-Ruiz

Artist, Photographer, Designer &  Consultant

Identity driven

I am identity passionate, either as a concept, an expression or characteristic shared
by all things. I’m passionate to discover its expressions and find what triggers the best of each.

Driven

I’m driven to amplify strengths instead of repairing weaknesses.

As a designer I approach challenges with a Natural Holistic approach always raised from a specific curiosity moment. I enjoy the ability to collaborate across multi functional boundaries and enroll in multiple team functions with Proactive and Influential leadership.

3 pillars hold my life:

  1. Who Am I
  2. What I’m capable of
  3. For what purpose.

All three come together in my persona, my family, work and community, All together in a mix of activities that interweave with each another.

Commitment

I’m committed with my clients to contribute to their success by discovering their opportunities, either by positive change or by opening new possibilities through novel ideas, always promoting team work in an open culture.

Expertise

My areas of expertise for the last years are in business consulting, as well as in Marketing, Innovation, Trade Marketing and Strategic design ( Brand, branding, packaging and in-store or retail design), working for multi-national companies such as Kimberly-Clark, Heinz, Bimbo, Kellogg, Walmart, Dawn, as well as national ones like: Grupo Pando, La perla, synBios among others. My collaboration is based in Design thinking methodologies covered by an emotional fitness and awareness for constant development. Expert on Brand, branding, packaging and in-store or retail design.

Focus

Specialized in FCG and community development.

Education

Major in Graphic design, courses on Managerial economics, Printing process, Color management, Product development, Innovation, Design Thinking and how to Scale up businesses.

Life

  • By Drawing I have contact with myself
  • By taking Photographs I can sense others
  • By Designing I can be as curious as I can be, resulting in design opportunities that attend and resolve problems.
  • By Consulting I can act and participate on the strategic dialogue, the main place where will, ideas and vision come together for a better being.
  • By having an active community participation, I can share and build with others
  • By having a family, I can share, learn and nurture all. Nothing compares to it.

Consultant Partner at:

asimetagraf   •  A branding and Marketing agency dedicated to promote and enhance products and brands  •  www.asimetagraf.com

Tracción Comercial   •  Consulting to design & enhance commercial processes that lead to more and better sales  •  www.traccioncomercial.com

Links

www.behance.net/fedehndz

www.instagram.com/fedehndz

https://twitter.com/idocare4design

https://mx.linkedin.com/in/federicohernandezruiz

YouTube: ¿Qué significa dar una identidad estratégica a la empresa?

https://youtu.be/16xKwTJFlBk

#idocare4design #fedehndz #asimetagraf #traccioncomercial

 

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What It Takes to be Number One

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If something changed my life, indeed was football and with it the example of a great coach: Vince Lombardi. Here’s his famous speach about being number one.

From the Official (~ http://www.vincelombardi.com/number-one.html) site, and with the only purpose of enriching everyone lifes and education, here it is.

Federico Hernandez-Ruiz

“Winning is not a sometime thing; it’s an all the time thing. You don’t win once in a while; you don’t do things right once in a while; you do them right all of the time. Winning is a habit. Unfortunately, so is losing.

There is no room for second place. There is only one place in my game, and that’s first place. I have finished second twice in my time at Green Bay, and I don’t ever want to finish second again. There is a second place bowl game, but it is a game for losers played by losers. It is and always has been an American zeal to be first in anything we do, and to win, and to win, and to win.

Every time a football player goes to ply his trade he’s got to play from the ground up – from the soles of his feet right up to his head. Every inch of him has to play. Some guys play with their heads. That’s O.K. You’ve got to be smart to be number one in any business. But more importantly, you’ve got to play with your heart, with every fiber of your body. If you’re lucky enough to find a guy with a lot of head and a lot of heart, he’s never going to come off the field second.

Running a football team is no different than running any other kind of organization – an army, a political party or a business. The principles are the same. The object is to win – to beat the other guy. Maybe that sounds hard or cruel. I don’t think it is.

It is a reality of life that men are competitive and the most competitive games draw the most competitive men. That’s why they are there – to compete. The object is to win fairly, squarely, by the rules – but to win.

And in truth, I’ve never known a man worth his salt who in the long run, deep down in his heart, didn’t appreciate the grind, the discipline. There is something in good men that really yearns for discipline and the harsh reality of head to head combat.

I don’t say these things because I believe in the ‘brute’ nature of men or that men must be brutalized to be combative. I believe in God, and I believe in human decency. But I firmly believe that any man’s finest hour — his greatest fulfillment to all he holds dear — is that moment when he has worked his heart out in a good cause and lies exhausted on the field of battle – victorious.”

– Coach Vincent T. Lombardi

Visit the site: http://www.vincelombardi.com/ and promote team building a winners culture and of course the love for a great sport.

#fedehndz #idocare4 #strategy

http://www.vincelombardi.com/siteinfo.html

This post is noncomercial

 

 

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To be true to yourself and a blessing to others regardless of who they are

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Loved Krista Tippet interview to jonathan Sacks, from her podcast series at OnBeing. Some of the phrases that resounded most to me were:

MS. TIPPETT: One thing that I’m struck by in conversations I have with scientists — with neuroscientists, with clinical psychologists — first of all, is how science is now able to demonstrate biologically that it is when we are able to see the other, to see the welfare of the other, as somehow linked to our own, that we’re able to rise to these moral ideals.

RABBI SACKS: By being what only I can be. I give humanity what only I can give. It is my uniqueness that allows me to contribute something unique to the universal heritage of humankind.  To be true to your faith and a blessing to others regardless of their faith.

Here the links to the transcript and audio podcast.

Hear Jonathan Sacks — The Dignity of Difference https://soundcloud.com/onbeing/sets/jonathan-sacks-the-dignity-of-difference, a playlist on #SoundCloud.

http://www.onbeing.org/program/jonathan-sacks-the-dignity-of-difference/transcript/8077#main_content

Illustration by: Federico Hernandez-Ruiz | https://www.instagram.com/fedehndz/

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Actuo para ver las posibilidades hechas realidad

Actuo para sublimar y compartir mi visión.

Veo un mundo bello por sus posibilidades, un mundo en el que todos sí hacemos diferencia y en el que lo único que a veces falta es disposición.

Porque aportar al mundo no requiere de distancias, inversiones, inmensos recursos o talentos extraordinarios. Solo requiere disposición y voluntad.

Actuo para generar una sonrisa, una sorpresa, una idea, una oportunidad no esperada, y que, en consecuencia, den ganas de compartirlo. Y que hace sentido total porque está conectado con un valor mayor como la ecología, la nutrición, la felicidad, etc.

Federico Hernández Ruiz | Branding | Packaging | Shopper design x | pensamiento disruptivo | creador de posibilidades #Tracción #asimetagraf | duraznos, nectarinas y ciruelas de california | #fedehndz #idocare4
D.R. © Federico Hernández Ruiz, Capulines 101A-2 EL Pinar Jurica. Querétaro. Querétaro.

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3 principios para actuar

Y con ellos, mis reflexiones.

  1. Saber, ser y estar consciente. “Creo en ser competente al parecer ser, ser y tener la actitud. Creo en estar bien con el pasado para estar presente con una constante curiosidad y con ello construir el futuro”
  2. Crear belleza. “Pienso que la belleza radica en la identidad, en su reconocimiento y expresión constante. Creo que la belleza se sublima a través de elementos mágicos, elementos que evocan la maravilla del medio ambiente y la naturaleza. Que no hay momento, acción o actividad que no contengan la oportunidad de ser su mejor expresión”
  3. Hacer el bien.

Cada día un compromiso, una aventura.

Federico Hernández Ruiz | Branding | Packaging | Shopper design x | pensamiento disruptivo | creador de posibilidades #Tracción #asimetagraf | duraznos, nectarinas y ciruelas de california | #fedehndz #idocare4

D.R. © Federico Hernández Ruiz, Capulines 101A-2 EL Pinar Jurica. Querétaro. Querétaro. Mexico, 76100, primera publicación 2016

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Concebido para definir retos, crear opciones y dar vida a ideas, y hacer crecer las posibilidades

Aplicando el pensamiento del diseño, me dedico a generar cambios positivos y nuevas posibilidades amplificando las fortalezas en lugar de señalar las debilidades. Lo hago con perseverancia, auto control, mucho entusiasmo, inteligencia social, inmensa gratitud y optimismo.

He co-creado un espacio de trabajo que reconoce las diferencias y la importancia del equipo; este lugar fecundo está concebido para definir retos, crear opciones y dar vida a ideas, y hacer crecer las posibilidades.

Lo que hago a veces es para empresas y organizaciones, otras para servicios, productos y marcas; pero siempre, siempre es con amigos

Federico Hernández Ruiz | Branding | Packaging | Shopper design x | pensamiento disruptivo | creador de posibilidades #Tracción #asimetagraf | duraznos, nectarinas y ciruelas de california | #fedehndz #idocare4

D.R. © Federico Hernández Ruiz, Capulines 101A-2 EL Pinar Jurica. Querétaro. Querétaro.